Pop. 656

This small town and surrounding valley began as a Shoshone Indian fishing spot and later served as an important Oregon Trail stage station. Located near the Snake River’s Lower Salmon Falls, the site was historically renowned for its large population of migrating salmon. When Stanley Hegeman and his partner Jack Hess arrived in the area, they applied for a post office under the name Hess. However, when the post office denied the name because too many other American cities were entitled Hess, the men reapplied for the name Hegeman. The post office accepted the suggestion, but in the process misspelled the name. Although the abundant fish populations certainly attracted residents to the area initially, the high quality fishing nature of Hagerman ended with the 1947 construction of an Idaho Power Company dam.

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